Anyone who’s worked in an office at some point or another has had to go to accounting. They’re the people who pay and send out the bills that keep the business running. They do a lot more than that, though. Sometimes referred to as “bean counters” they also keep their eye on profits, costs and losses. Unless you’re running your own business and acting as your own accountant, you’d have no way of knowing just how profitable – or not – your business is without some form of accounting.

No matter what business you’re in, even if all you do is balance a checkbook, that’s still accounting. It’s part of even a kid’s life. Saving an allowance, spending it all at once – these are accounting principles.

What are some other businesses where accounting is critical? Well, farmers need to follow careful accounting procedures. Many of them run their farms year to year by taking loans to plant the crops. If it’s a good year, a profitable one, then they can pay off their loan; if not, they might have to carry the loan over, and accrue more interest charges.

Every business and every individual needs to have some kind of accounting system in their lives. Otherwise, the finances can get away from them, they don’t know what they’ve spent, or whether they can expect a profit or a loss from their business. Staying on top of accounting, whether it’s for a multi-billion dollar business or for a personal checking account is a necessary activity on a daily basis if you’re smart. Not doing so can mean anything from a bounced check or posting a loss to a company’s shareholders. Both scenarios can be equally devastating.

 

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Accounting is basically information, and this information is published periodically in business as a profit and loss statement, or an income statement.

>HOW CAN WE BOOT THE SYSTEM WITH OUR PEN DRIVE?

The USB Flash Drive must be configured with an active primary MS-DOS partition. It must also contain the boot files. Follow the steps below to create a bootable USB Flash Drive.
Requirements :-

Motherboard with BIOS that supports USB boot.
USB Flash Drive that may be erased.
Bootable floppy disk or CD with Fdisk and Format commands.
Directions
Plug in the USB Flash Drive.
Make the USB drive the only bootable hard drive.
Method 1 If available, change the BIOS settings for the hard drive sequence, making sure the USB device is at the top of the list above all other hard drives. Not all BIOS Setup Utilities have this option.
Method 2 Disable all hard drives in the BIOS. In some BIOS Setup Utilities you can disable the individual hard drives, while in others you will need to disable the controller.
Method 3 Unplug all hard drive cables inside the case. If the cables are unplugged the computer cannot detect and boot to the hard drive.
Insert the bootable floppy disk or CD into the appropriate drive.
Restart the computer to the bootable floppy disk or CD.
At the command prompt, type: FDisk.
Delete and create a new active primary DOS partition.
Use FDisk to delete all partitions from the USB Flash Drive.
In FDisk, press the 3 key to Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive.
If there is just one partition on the drive, choose 1 to delete the primary DOS partition. If there are several partitions, the extended and logical partitions must be deleted before the primary partition.
After choosing option 1, the screen appears with partition information and a prompt for the partition to delete. Choose which primary DOS partition to delete, and then press ENTER.
A prompt appears to enter the volume label of the hard drive. Enter the label exactly as it appears on the top of the screen in the partition information. If the volume label contains gibberish or lowercase letters, the partition will have to be deleted as a non-DOS partition. Try using the option to delete a non-DOS partition in FDISK. After entering the volume label, press ENTER.
You are prompted if it should delete the partition. Press Y for Yes, and then press ENTER.
The screen changes to show only the total disk space and a line near the bottom that prompts that the primary DOS partition has been deleted. Press the ESC key to return to the main menu.
Use FDisk to create a primary partition on the USB Flash Drive. The drive letter will be C:, since all other hard drives were disabled in step 2.
In FDisk, press 1 to Create DOS partition or Logical DOS drive.
Press 1 to Create a Primary DOS Partition.
The next screen prompts if the maximum hard disk size should be made into one partition. Press the Y key, and then press ENTER.
The next screen prompts that the computer will now reboot. Press ENTER to continue.
Exit FDisk and restart the computer.
Start the computer from the bootable floppy disk or CD with the USB Flash Drive still connected.
At the command prompt, run Format by typing the following command: Format /s c:. Press ENTER.
At the command prompt, run FDisk by typing following command: Fdisk /mbr. Press ENTER.
Restart the computer without the bootable floppy disk or CD, and attempt to boot to the USB Flash Drive. If it works, it should go to a C:\> command prompt.
Change the settings made in step 2 back so that the computer operates normally again.

>Block USB Devices in XP

Posted: May 10, 2008 in Registry Tricks

>HOW TO Block USB Devices in XP ?

To this what can be done is that the USB can be blocked and then stopping the use of USB drives. Here is a simple registry hack to do so, try it with care.
Go to Start –> Run, type Regedit.
Go to Hkey_Local_Machine\System\CurrentControlset\Services\USBStor
In the right pane, look for value Start and have value as 0000000(3)
Double click on that and change that value to 4.You might be required to restart the PC, and then you are done with it, USB is now blocked.In case if you want to get the USB unblocked, just change the value again to 3

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These are GUI applications that can be opened from the run line. These applications are not located in the C:\windows\system32\ directory, the keys for these applications are located in the registry under:HKLM\software\microsoft\windows\currentversion\app paths

CONF.EXE – NetMeeting
DIALER.EXE – Phone Dialer
HELPCTR.EXE – Help and Support
HYPERTRM.EXE – HyperTerminal
ICWCONN1.EXE – Internet Connection Wizard
IEXPLORE.EXE – Internet Explorer
INETWIZ.EXE – Setup Your Internet Connection
INSTALL.EXE – User’s Folder
MIGWIZ.EXE – File and Settings Transfer Wizard
MSCONFIG.EXE – System Configuration Utility
MSIMN.EXE – Outlook Express
MSINFO32.EXE – System Information
MSMSGS.EXE – Windows Messenger
MSN6.EXE – MSN Explorer
PBRUSH.EXE – Paint
WAB.EXE – Windows Address Book
WABMIG.EXE – Address Book Import Tool
WINNT32.EXE – User’s FolderThese .EXE files reside in (c:\windows\system32\) or(c:\windows\) directory.
ACCWIZ.EXE – Accessibility Wizard
CHARMAP.EXE – Character Map
CLEANMGR.EXE – Disk Space Cleanup Manager
CLICONFG.EXE – SQL Client Configuration Utility
CLSPACK.EXE – Class Package Export Tool
CMSTP.EXE – Connection Manager Profile Installer
CONTROL.EXE – Control Panel
DCOMCNFG.EXE – Component Services
DDESHARE.EXE – DDE Share
DRWATSON.EXE – Doctor Watson v1.00b
DRWTSN32.EXE – Doctor Watson Settings
DXDIAG.EXE – DirectX Diagnostics
EUDCEDIT.EXE – Private Character Editor
EVENTVWR.EXE – Event Viewer
EXPLORER.EXE – Windows Explorer
FXSCLNT.EXE – Fax Console
FXSCOVER.EXE – Fax Cover Page Editor
FXSEND.EXE – MS Fax Send Note Utility
LOGOFF.EXE – System Logoff
MAGNIFY.EXE – Microsoft Magnifier
MMC.EXE – Microsoft Management Console
MOBSYNC.EXE – Microsoft Synchronization Manager
MPLAY32.EXE – Windows Media Player version 5.1
MSTSC.EXE – Remote Desktop Connection
NARRATOR.EXE – Microsoft Narrator
NETSETUP.EXE – Network Setup Wizard
NSLOOKUP.EXE – NSLookup Application
NTSD.EXE – Symbolic Debugger for Windows 2000
ODBCAD32.EXE – ODBC Data Source Administrator
OSUNINST.EXE – Windows Uninstall Utility
PACKAGER.EXE – Object Packager
PERFMON.EXE – Performance Monitor
PROGMAN.EXE – Program Manager
RASPHONE.EXE – Remote Access Phonebook
REGEDIT.EXE – Registry Editor
REGEDT32.EXE – Registry Editor
RESET.EXE – Resets Session
RSTRUI.EXE – System Restore
RTCSHARE.EXE – RTC Application Sharing
SFC.EXE – System File Checker
SHRPUBW.EXE – Create Shared Folder
SHUTDOWN.EXE – System Shutdown
SIGVERIF.EXE – File Signature Verification
SNDREC32.EXE – Sound Recorder
SNDVOL32.EXE – Sound Volume
SYNCAPP.EXE – Create A Briefcase
SYSEDIT.EXE – System Configuration Editor
SYSKEY.EXE – SAM Lock Tool
TASKMGR.EXE – Task Manager
TELNET.EXE – MS Telnet Client
TSSHUTDN.EXE – System Shutdown
TOURSTART.EXE – Windows Tour Launcher
UTILMAN.EXE – System Utility Manager
USERINIT.EXE – My Documents
VERIFIER.EXE – Driver Verifier Manager
WIAACMGR.EXE – Scanner and Camera Wizard
WINCHAT.EXE – Windows for Workgroups Chat
WINHELP.EXE – Windows Help Engine
WINHLP32.EXE – Help
WINVER.EXE – Windows Version Information
WSCRIPT.EXE – Windows Script Host Settings
WUPDMGR.EXE – Windows UpdateThe following are Control Panel applets that can be run from the run line. They are located in the c:\windows\system32 directory, and have the file type extension “.CPL”.
ACCESS.CPL – Accessibility Options
APPWIZ.CPL – Add or Remove Programs
DESK.CPL – Display Properties
HDWWIZ.CPL – Add Hardware Wizard
INETCPL.CPL – Internet Explorer Properties
INTL.CPL – Regional and Language Options
JOY.CPL – Game Controllers
MAIN.CPL – Mouse Properties
MMSYS.CPL – Sounds and Audio Device Properties
NCPA.CPL – Network Connection
NUSRMGR.CPL – User Accounts
ODBCCP32.CPL – ODBC Data Source Administrator
POWERCFG.CPL – Power Options Properties
SYSDM.CPL – System Properties
TELEPHON.CPL – Phone and Modem Options
TIMEDATE.CPL – Date and Time PropertiesThe following are Microsoft Management Console Snap-ins that can be opened from the run line. These applications have the file type extension “.MSC”.
CERTMGR.MSC – Certificates
CIADV.MSC – Indexing Service
COMPMGMT.MSC – Computer Management
DEVMGMT.MSC – Device Manager
DFRG.MSC – Disk Defragmenter
DISKMGMT.MSC – Disk Management
EVENTVWR.MSC – Event Viewer
FSMGMT.MSC – Shared Folders
LUSRMGR.MSC – Local Users and Groups
NTMSMGR.MSC – Removable Storage
NTMSOPRQ.MSC – Removable Storage Operator Requests
PERFMON.MSC – Performance Monitor
SERVICES.MSC – Services
WMIMGMT.MSC – Windows Management Infrastructure